In the previous tutorial, we learned how to transmit data over USART. By using simple functions, we can send or read bytes/arrays. We learned how to do this very efficiently with interrupts and buffers. But when things become more involved and our data messages have to be somehow formatted, our send and receive functions would begin to grow tremendously. Don’t waste your time figuring all out. AvrLibc has an excellent standard library stdio.h, which is specially designed to deal with formatted data streams. This library offers superior functionality but also takes a significant amount of code space and program speed. So before use, it makes sure your program isn’t time critical or won’t take more code space then AVR can hold.