How to Teach Yourself to Program with Arduino

Most people begin their journey to programming with a lot of dilemmas. While others are worried about the programming languages they should learn, others can’t pick on a specific programming framework to start with. If you don’t have any of the above worries, you might be wondering if getting an education in programming will get you hired. Regardless, all these are good questions that need answers before you settle into coding.


Without a doubt, programming is a career. However, it doubles up as an essential tool and skill in the current era. Fortunately, unlike other professions, you don’t necessarily need a college degree to excel in coding, as you can learn it individually. That said, the best place to begin is choosing a coding language. The guide below outlines how to learn to program with the Arduino language.

What is Arduino?

Arduino is one of the many open-source programming platforms that can integrate into various simple and complex coding projects. As an open-source community, it stocks a plethora of software and hardware components that come in handy for programmers looking to create various projects. Its versatility and simple interface make it among the best choice for coding enthusiasts, ranging from designers, hobbyists, and makers of various product prototypes.

Beginners and coding experts alike can access the rich platform for free resources to support their programming tasks. Users can search for information on how to set the board or code with Arduino. However, before using the platform, it is important to know some of the guiding principles when coding with Arduino.

Arduino Language

As mentioned, Arduino is just an open-source platform that integrates various projects. However, the platform can only be written in the C++ programming language. Once you create sketches or Arduino code files on the board, it is easily processed and interpreted to machine language.

What is the Arduino IDE?

The Arduino IDE or Integrated Development Environment is the platform’s text editing program used when programming with Arduino. Simply put, it is where you will be typing codes before uploading them to the board when programming. You should always ensure that you use the latest version of Arduino IDE.

Arduino IDE

Arduino codes are called sketches. Unlike most open-source platform sketches, a minimalistic design characterizes IDE sketches. So to say, it only contains 5 headings on its menu bar and several buttons below, which allow users to upload and verify sketches. In essence, IDE compiles and translates the sketches into codes that Arduino understands. A fully compiled code is then forwarded to Arduino’s memory.

For beginners, compiling Arduino codes can be challenging due to the rigorous syntax requirements. However, the platform flags up warning messages if it detects any errors in the code sequence. For instance, if you make a mistake when punctuating the code, it won’t compile, and an error message will pop up.

Arduino Boards

While Arduino is a great platform to prototype projects and other inventions, choosing the right Arduino board can be challenging. Arduino boards are available in several variations, with other competitors offering clones. That said, you should consider several factors to choose the right type of Arduino board. Apart from price, consider the type of project you intend to work on using Arduino boards.

For instance, if your project revolves around creating a portable electrical project, consider the LilyPad board. You can also check out Arduino Uno, Arduino Pro Mini, and other board variations. Beginners should learn the various parts of Arduino boards and their specific functions. This will help you when assembling your board. Additionally, get to know the right Arduino power supply and breadboard before moving forward to project creation.

How to Program Arduino

With a completed Arduino circuit on the breadboard, you should upload your sketch from IDE to Arduino. The sketch essentially outlines instructions that inform the board of the functions that it should perform. Note that Arduino boards can only handle one sketch every time. Every sketch should have two parts. They include;

  1. Void setup – they are a set of instructions that occur once. They include tasks that don’t need to happen again.
  2. Void loop – are instructions in the sketch that are repeated severally until the board is switched off.

With such a simple and intuitive layout, you can work on several projects on the Arduino board. For instance, you can program Arduino light robot that follows you, Arduino drones that can follow you, control a door lock, and much more. To complete these projects, you should have the right tools, Arduino shields, and relevant sensors.

Bottom Line

Computer programming goes beyond picking the right language and framework. It involves understanding how various codes interact with computer hardware. If you don’t prioritize the hype that comes with specific programming languages and looking for a visceral understanding of programming, start learning to code with Arduino. Fortunately, you can learn this by yourself or in coding boot camps. Veterans enrolling in coding boot camps can enjoy G.I Bill benefits financial aid that covers their tuition fee.

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