You can use GPS data for many interesting projects and experiments. By analyzing logged data you can track the movement of the object, analyze you hiking route, RC plane model, weather baloon and other crazy stuff. Building such logger isn’t very complex task as it involves only standard modules and practically no soldering needs to be done.
Almost all standard GPS modules support so called NMEA0183 data format – a short message which contains all data including position and time stamps. Once connected, GPS module automatically sends this data via serial interface. Arduino simply needs to capture it and store data to memory like SD card. In this project, data is stored in FAT32 (or FAT16) formatted SD card. Arduino accesses SD card through SD card V4.0 shield. This is simple a barebones for developing project further to fit your specific needs.